So you’re renovating, or maybe even building something new, and you’ve finally finished framing out your new walls. Now you’re ready to put up your drywall and maybe some tile, or maybe even wallpaper—but what about the ceiling? Sure, you can just drywall it too (and hopefully you’ve been using recycled-content drywall), but there are several other options to consider as well.

The decision of how to make your ceiling can be influenced by a number of factors beyond your decorative choices. A few things to keep in mind are how much sound transmission in and out of the room you want to allow, whether water and/or humidity will be present, whether the room’s activities require any particular kind of acoustics, and whether you’ll be applying tiles.

Here are a number of green products designed for ceiling use that you may want to consider, and some ideas on how they might best be used in your building project.

1) Recycled Content Drywall
If you’re not already using drywall with recycled content for your walls, your ceiling may offer another opportunity to include it. Typical drywall is made of a core of mined gypsum and two outer layers of non-recycled paper. The mining of gypsum typically launches large amounts of particulate matter into the air, threatening both the respiratory health of the miners and the air quality of the surrounding areas. And like most mining, the extraction process leaves large scars on the landscape at the mining site, and often contributes to soil erosion on the slopes where it is mined.

Instead of mined gypsum, recycled-content drywall is made of synthetic gypsum—a byproduct of the process coal-fired power plants use to limit the amount of acid-rain-causing emissions they release into the air. And not only does the use of synthetic gypsum reduce manufacturing waste, but it’s purer than mined gypsum, making for drywall that’s stronger and easier to work with. As an added benefit, the paper facing used on recycled content drywall is 100% recycled.

2) Tectum Interior Ceiling Panels
A dropped ceiling of rectangular panels, typically made of sound-absorbing (acoustical) materials, is another option. A dropped ceiling consists of a grid of lightweight metal strips that are hung from either exposed beams or a drywall ceiling, which hold the panels in place without screws or adhesive. This allows for easy access to any wiring or ductwork underneath, as well as easy replacement of any panel that needs it. Acoustical panels reduce the amount of noise bouncing around within the room, while also limiting the amount of sound traveling through the ceiling to rooms above.

For a green option, Tectum interior ceiling panels are made of wood fibers that are bound together without chemicals and come from Aspen trees grown in FSC-certified forests. The air-drying, low-energy binding process uses only sand, limestone, salt, magnesium oxide (from seawater), and water that gets recycled after use. The finished panels don’t off-gas at all, and are non-toxic enough to be added to compost piles for soil amendment. So not only do you get a quieter room, for a healthier indoor environment, but you get it without hurting the outdoor environment either! And for even further reduction in the noise coming out of the room , take a look at QuietRock Soundproofing Drywall.

3) Durock Cement Backerboard
If the room you’re building is a bathroom or kitchen, or any other room where high humidity and spilled water are common occurrences, you’ll need to use backerboard –commonly called “blue board,” because a common brand is (you guessed it) blue. Backerboard is typically used underneath tiles even in dry areas, where it acts as a surface stiff enough to keep the surface from flexing and pushing them off—and in wet areas, it provides a layer of water-blocking protection for the framing and surrounding rooms.

Durock cement backerboard is not only resistant to moisture, but mold as well, protecting the room’s air quality. And concrete is so durable that it’ll be a long time before you have to replace it, which saves the waste of valuable resources. And it’s even made of recycled materials—it’s 10-20% recycled fly ash.

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Installing a new wood floor? Instead of traditional hardwood, you may want to consider an eco-friendly alternative: bamboo. It may be hard to imagine that reedy green plant growing wild in your yard making a good flooring material, but some varieties of bamboo (when mature and properly dried) are as hard as oak–and some are even harder.

Photo: chefranden at Flickr.com

Green Depot carries bamboo flooring by Foundations, a New York state-based company that offers click-together “floating” strand boards, as well as traditional tongue-and-groove solid-strip options, both in prefinished and unfinished varieties. Foundation’s strand planks are made of the Moso variety of bamboo, which proves to be two times harder than red oak when subjected to the industry-standard Janka ball test. And Moso isn’t a natural food supply for a pandas, so harvesting it even in the wild doesn’t endanger their habitat.

But why else is bamboo such a good choice? The reasons are many, beginning with bamboo’s rapid renewability, which makes it one of the greenest of green products used in building. A tree takes 80 to 120 years to grow to a size where it can be harvested for hardwood flooring planks, but a bamboo plant reaches maturity in only 3 to 6 years with minimal (if any) fertilization or pesticides, and it renews itself without replanting. This means it requires not only fewer natural resources to thrive, but less labor, as well. And bamboo can easily grow up to a foot a day, so it’s not just fast, but plentiful.

Photo: Ajari at Flickr.com

Bamboo is also a boon to the natural environment itself, in a number of ways. Mature bamboo has a very complex and dense root structure (which, incidentally, is why is can be so hard to get out of your garden), which goes a long way to avoid soil erosion in areas where it’s planted. Furthermore, a bamboo forest absorbs up to twice as much carbon dioxide as trees.

From a social responsibility perspective, as well, bamboo is winner—600 million people worldwide depend on income from it, and the industry employs nearly 6 million people in China alone. And as it grows in popularity, those numbers only expand.

Then there’s affordability, which ties back to bamboo’s ability to renew itself rapidly. The laws of supply and demand are at work here: A product that springs back into place quickly and with so little effort and expense can easily be kept in abundant supply, so prices for it can be lower, even in times of great demand. And its durability gives it another layer of affordability, as many kinds of bamboo flooring can go for long periods without refinishing or replacement. Several brands, including Foundations, coat their pre-finished planks with multiple layers of a water-based, zero-VOC, aluminum oxide-infused polyurethane that doesn’t off-gas at all. Nice!

And that’s not even touching on the design options bamboo flooring offers. Bamboo is available in any number of colors, many of which can be achieved using eco-friendly methods. Heating bamboo makes it darken to a rich amber color without the use of stain, and bleaching it in non-toxic hydrogen peroxide gives it a birchlike white-blond color. Its natural tone is a warm golden hue that lies somewhere in between the two, and bamboo can be colored with traditional wood stains to take it to anywhere from a medium chestnut brown to a near-black ebony.

Bamboo’s narrow-strand structure allows it to be pressed into planks in a number of different formats, unlike wood, which of course comes naturally bound into wide pieces (tree trunks). Some bamboo flooring manufacturers even offer planks made of mixed dark- and light-colored strands, for an unusual streaky look. Still others turn the plant’s fibers the short way, so the cut ends of the stalks are what make up the visible surface. The effect is a sort of small-dot pattern that is unique to bamboo.

As a side note, Green Depot also carries Plybam, an excellent companion to bamboo flooring. Plybam is plywood made entirely of bamboo instead of wood veneer, and it’s perfect for use in cabinetry, furniture, paneling or any other project that usually calls for plywood. Its edges have a multidirectional pattern that offers an alternative to plywood’s striped edges, and is attractive enough to make edge veneers a thing of the past.

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Are you one of the millions of Americans trying to make your dollars stretch by taking a “staycation” this summer?  Hanging around the house can be a good thing. You get to tackle projects you don’t have time to get to during the year, and you can invite friends over who you never see—even though they’re local.  You invested in all that patio furniture, in your deck, in your barbeque—so show it off by making a nice dinner for friends and serving it outside in the backyard.

We’ve got a couple of recommendations for green products that’ll help you entertain in style, without sacrificing your environmental values.

Soji Solar Lantern

Light up the evening with the Soji Modern Solar Lantern. These elegant lanterns have a solar panel that collects sunlight during the day, stores it in a rechargeable AAA battery,  and then lights up the night with very efficient LED lights. They’re portable and freestanding–they don’t require extension cords running across the grass into the house or garage! Comes on automatically at dusk unless you turn it off.  They’re made from hard plastic, so they’re durable, and they’re pretty affordable, too.

Wasara plates

Whether you’re serving chili, grilled vegetables, burgers and chicken, or old fashioned corn on the cob, make your clean-up job easier by using these cool disposables. Nope, they’re not paper or plastic. Wasara plates, bowls, and cups are made from 100% tree-free rapidly-renewable materials: sugar cane fiber (bagasse), bamboo, and reed pulp. They’re much more elegant than anything you’ll find in your local supermarket, and they fit comfortably in hand.  Strong, oil- and water-resistant, good for hot and cold foods, and best of all: fully compostable. Available in multiple sizes and types.

Fair trade napkins

Use cloth napkins as an alternative to throw-away paper. These fair trade, 100% organic cotton napkins are hand woven by rural women in Guatemala using centuries-old techniques and looms. Income from weaving helps support their families and maintains ancient cultural practices. After the party, just throw them in the laundry with your colors.

Woolly Pockets "Island" planter

Finally, bag spending money at the florist, and consider this cool alternative “plant in a bag” for your table centerpiece: Woolly Pockets Freestanding Islands. They’re made of 100% post consumer recycled plastic felt, and they’re lined so they won’t leak all over a nice table. Fill them with lush plants during the summer, and bring them indoors in the fall to enjoy year-round. Made in New York by a very cool company.

NatureMill composter

When the party’s over, remember to compost your leftover food! Corn cobs, soggy salad, watermelon rinds, and stale buns can all be enjoyed by worms or bacteria and fungi.  Check out the Worm Factory, and the NatureMill composter that fits under the counter in your kitchen. And several months later, you’ll have an excellent, nutrient-packed soil amendment to use in your garden outdoors, or on your houseplants.

Enjoy the rest of the summer!

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Somehow it got to be August, and we’re thinking Back to School.  How many of us realize that our children have become the unwitting generators of a huge amount of garbage?

According to Waste Free Lunches, the “average school-age child using a disposable lunch generates 67 pounds of waste per school year. That equates to 18,760 pounds of lunch waste for just one average-size elementary school.”

With that in mind, Green Depot has just brought in an assortment of lunch storage ideas that will turn the disposable paper sack and the ubiquitous sandwich bag on their heads. These green products are much cooler than the vinyl lunch boxes you pick up every year at Wal-Mart. The ones that are hard to clean and smelly.

Say goodbye to endless plastic sandwich bags!

Fresh Snack Pack

The Fresh Snack Pak is what I bought my two daughters last spring, and they’re holding up really well.  You can put a sandwich in it, or get more than one for chips, fruit slices, etc. They look like a little envelope (folds flat when empty), and are made from EVA (ethylene-vinyl acetate) plastic. They contain no PVC (poluyvinyl chloride), BPA (bisphenol A), or lead.  Just wipe clean with a sponge, or handwash when you’re doing the dishes, and drip dry.

Fluf Lunch Bags

Fluf reusable lunch bags are another cool option. Shaped a bit more like the traditional brown paper bag, the Fluf comes in a few different styles suitable for kids…or just plain Suits. The body is 100% certified organic, pre-shrunk cotton, and the liner is made with phthlate-free vinyl (EVA). It’s removeable, too, for easy washing. A snap closure is easy for little hands to use.

Snack Bag

The handmade reusable snack bag costs next to nothing, and is embroidered with all sorts of whimsical creatures—from chubby little mice to robots.  The outer shell is 100% unbleached cotton; the inner liner is water and stain-resistant nylon. A velcro closure keeps you from…losing your lunch.

Now, for something old and new. The Stainless Steel Tiffin Food Carrier is a sleek, round metal lunch box that’s been used in Asia for years to take food to school or work. New to the States, it’s constructed of food-grade stainless steel, and has sturdy side closures that snap down to keep the lid firmly in place. Each of the two compartments can be heated separately, or refrigerated.

Tiffin Stainless Steel

If you’re sending them to school with pasta salad or last night’s yummy leftovers, the little brats will need something to eat it with. Try these super hardy MicroBites Mini-Utensils. You can use ‘em backpacking, too.

Microbites

You can learn much more on Waste Free Lunches. It’s an an excellent website chock full of tips on how to reduce the amount of trash generated by our kids’ school lunches. Has tips adults can use, too, and even healthy food suggestions.

Using reusables instead of disposables is good for our wallets as parents, and it’s a good way to instill an environmental ethic in our kids.

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5 Must-Know A/E Lessons in Green BuildingGreen Depot has been chosen as one of five case studies in green building design in a book by Zweigwhite, a trade publisher catering to architects and engineers. The book, “5 Must-Know A/E Lessons in Green Building,” will be available shortly. It discusses why green building has become the norm, what the challenges are in green building, how various rating and certification systems work, and what the future for green building is globally.

The chapter on Green Depot interviews founder Sarah Beatty on her goals for the company’s flagship store.  “Retrofits are a smarter way to use what’s already there,” Beatty is quoted as saying in reference to the historic landmark building at 222 Bowery in Manhattan.  “In an urban space, it’s about history and the fabric of a culture. We wanted to honor what was there, protect its uniqueness, and become the next chapter in the building’s history in an inspiring way.”

Green Depot at 222 Bowery, Manhattan

Project architect Caleb Mulvena of Mapos, LLC is also interviewed.  “[Green Depot] was really the perfect client for a green project because they provide green building products. It made our job a little bit easier, and it also made for a unique project. Because they were providing all of the building products for the project, the team dynamics and the bidding process were a little different.” Mulvena is also quoted explaining that building green used to cost about 25% more than a conventional building, but is now only 5-10% above the mainstream average cost, depending on the products and systems chosen.

The green products chosen for the Bowery store are primarily products that the store sells to commercial and residential customers. Many can be found in the Building Materials section of Green Depot’s e-commerce site.

The general contractor for the project, Chris Yeates of New York Connecticut Development Corporation (NYCT) describes how his own company was changed by the challenge of working with Green Depot.

“[The] project was our first LEED project,” he says. Prior to working on 222 Bowery, they junked everything they tore down in a building.  “For debris removal, we threw everything in one big container, and we searched for the best possible price for getting rid of construction debris.  …Now [we] separate it and find avenues to get rid of debris. We do that on our own but we’ve also seen more of a request from owners. We separate, we recycle, we get things to more responsible landfills, and we reuse as much as we possibly can.”

You can purchase “5 Must-Know A/E Lessons in Green Building “ here.

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On Friday, New York State Governor David Paterson signed a bill into law that prohibits babies’ and children’s food and beverage containers from containing Bisphenol A, or BPA. Under the legislation (S 3296H/A 6919D), sippy cups, baby bottles, straws, and pacifiers containing BPA can no longer be sold in New York State. The law goes into effect on December 1, 2010.

Working under the  “JustGreen” umbrella, a coalition of at least 45 advocacy groups worked together for passage of the bill; they included mainstream environmental organizations, consumer groups, health and cancer networks, women’s groups, academic institutions, and environmental justice groups.

According to a press release issued by JustGreen, “New York is now the seventh state and by far the largest in both population and economy to pass phase out of BPA in young children’s products, joining Connecticut, Maryland, Minnesota, Vermont, Washington and Wisconsin. It will be one of the first state laws to go into effect, however. In addition, Maine has declared bisphenol A (BPA) as a ‘priority chemical’ and will institute regulations to phase out its use in children’s food and beverage containers and infant formula containers.  The Massachusetts Department of Public Health is moving forward with similar regulations to cover children’s beverage containers. California has BPA legislation pending.”

BPA has been associated with a wide range of children’s health problems, including “early onset puberty, polycystic ovary syndrome and breast and prostate cancer,” said Senator Antoine Thompson, Chair of the New York State Senate Environmental Conservation Committee.

Because children’s bodies are smaller and metabolize more rapidly than adults, toxins build up in their bodies quickly, and infants have been detected with high levels of BPA in their bodies. JustGreen cited connections between low doses of BPA and “obesity, infertility in males and females, brain dysfunctions, thyroid disruption, heart disease, and diabetes.”

Stephen Boese, Executive Director of the Learning Disabilities Association of New York State, said that BPA has been implicated in learning disabilities and other neurological impairment.

The full press release, and a list of advocates, can be viewed on the Just Green website.

Wee-Go glass bottles

Green Depot Founder Sarah Beatty testified in support of the bill in May, prior to it being passed unanimously in both houses of the NY State legislature (download her testimony here). Since the opening of Green Depot’s flagship store at 222 Bowery in February 2009, Green Depot has put an emphasis on healthy green products for babies and children, including certified organic cotton clothing and bedding, diapers without harsh chemicals, and BPA-free baby bottles. One of our most popular sellers has been the Wee-Go, a glass baby bottle with a soft silicone sleeve that’s easy to grip and prevents breakage. It’s available in 4- and 9-ounce sizes, in six different bright colors.

Green to Grow

Another is the Green to Grow nurser–a bottle that’s phthalate-free, BPA-free, dishwasher safe, and comes in 100% recycled packaging.

We all know that breastfeeding is best, but when bottle feeding is necessary, at least now there are safer ways to do it in New York State.

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