From Flickr User: pmulloy2112

From Flickr User: pmulloy2112

Last week, the New York Times ran an article detailing a long-standing debate between the proponents of hybrid seeds and the proponents of heirloom seeds.  Its basic premise was that while heirloom seeds are growing in popularity, there are still distinct advantages to using hybridized seeds.

There actually is some truth in this.  I grew up on a farm, where our two principle products were lamb and vegetables.  I have seen my parents battle each year with pests and diseases – and chose hybridized plants that were bred to be resistant to some of these ailments, but still had the bright and robust flavor we came to expect from our garden vegetables.

To say a plant is hybridized, though, is not to say that it is designated as GMO – as genetically modified (that is, genetically modified using technologies beyond the simple cross-pollination techniques utilized by Gregor Mendel).  This seems to be a common point of confusion.  GMO also possess certain resistances to diseases and pests – or, in the case of Monsanto’s notorious line of Roundup-Ready seeds, to certain pesticides.

Heirloom seeds possess one very distinct advantage over many hybrid and GMO seeds: they are open pollinated, meaning that one can save the seeds from a plant one year to reuse the next.  Often, when plants are hybridized, the seeds are not plantable – meaning that one must re-purchase seeds the following year.  This ensures a reliance on the seed company for gardening needs, and a permanent income for companies selling hybridized or genetically-modified seeds.

But heirloom seed-saving faces its own challenges: that is, preserving the genetic integrity of the heirloom seeds year-to-year.  When browsing through an open-pollinated seed catalog, detailed instructions are given on how to ensure that the seeds do not cross-pollinate with other varieties and become hybridized.  Often these instructions include an isolation radius, i.e., “ensure there are no other tomato varieties growing within .25 miles.”  Because pollen can travel over long distances by wind or insect, saving seeds by avoiding cross-pollination can be difficult, if not impossible for persons living in more dense urban or suburban neighborhoods.

Of course, there’s no reason one can’t re-purchase heirloom seeds the following year, and many folks do for some important, but often overlooked, reasons: heirloom vegetables often have very vibrant flavors, and unique aesthetic qualities.  While hybridized seeds often have vibrant flavors of their own (a point which the Times is keen to point out), they are more commonly associated with the milder and standardized varieties found in supermarkets.  It’s likely this association that has given rise to the newfound popularity of heirloom seeds.  Who wants to risk growing the mealy, tough, perfectly spherical supermarket tomato when other succulent, curious-looking heirloom tomato seeds are now so readily available?

But even if the debate over hybrids and heirlooms continues on, there is one last important reason to support heirloom seed growers: they preserve the genetic diversity and uniqueness of many species of plants, and in doing so help to preserve our agricultural heritage.  Heirloom seeds connect us to old traditions and histories that many commercial, hybridized seeds lack.

GREEN DEPOT SOLUTIONS

Green Depot carries lots of green products with both heirloom and non-heirloom seeds for the home gardener.

Green Depot carries seeds from the Seed Savers Exchange.  Seed Saver’s mission is to preserve our diverse, but endangered, garden heritage for future generations by building a network of people committed to collecting, conserving and sharing heirloom seeds and plants.  Seed Savers also works to educate people about the value of genetic and cultural diversity.  Green Depot carries flower, herb, and vegetable seeds from Seed Savers.  To see the different kinds of seeds we carry in each of these categories, you can visit our page for each category: flowers, herbs, and vegetables.

Easy-to-Grow Mushroom Garden: These growing kits allow you to grow up to two pounds of mushrooms over several weeks.  The mushrooms grow in recycled coffee grounds, which are a safe and healthy medium, and can be stored in a closet or refrigerator for several weeks before activating the mushrooms for growth, simply by placing the kit in an area that is room-temperature, and receives lots of fresh air and indirect sunlight.  The mushroomer then opens a slit in the exposed plastic and mists with water twice a day, yielding a mushroom bounty.

Rice Hull Gardens are a complete gardening set for indoors or outdoors.  The pots are made from rice grain husks and organic pigments – they are constructed from highly renewable resources.  The pots last for up to five years and are 100% biodegradable.  They come with many different kinds of herb seeds already contained within – available in lemon basil, lavender, parsley, oregano, garlic chives, heirloom sweet pepper, heirloom mini-tomato, and an organic basil boutique.

For lots more indoor and outdoor gardening products, you can visit our gardening department.

For green building materials, like eco insulation, as well as many other green products for a sustainable lifestyle, visit http://www.greendepot.com.

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Growing in woolly pockets on the wall.One of the challenges that I have always faced in a small apartment has been not only where to garden, but where to store all of my gardening supplies.

I live in a small apartment in Brooklyn, with four roommates.  It’s a tight space, and storage area is limited.  Whatever space we do use has to be shared equally, and fairly.  This can make some activities like gardening or composting difficult to coordinate – where can I store all of my excess seeding trays, for example, after I am done using them for the spring?

It can also be difficult finding space to share in sunny windows.  Living in New York City, it’s not uncommon to hear stories on how bedroom and other windows face directly into an alleyway (actually, my own bedroom is no exception).  Maximizing space becomes essential to growing houseplants and vegetables successfully.

Below are two options to help growing in a small apartment a little more feasible.

GREEN DEPOT SOLUTIONS

Woolly Pockets planters come in two different styles: Freestanding Islands, and Living Wall Systems.  They are both constructed from 100% post-consumer recycled thick felt that allows excess moisture to evaporate, and a moisture-barrier reservoir that holds water for plants to draw from.  The wall system is totally modular – allowing stacking to create an entire indoor or outdoor living wall, saving valuable space near windows.

Cowpot Seed Starting flats are an amazing green product not only because they will save space that would otherwise go to storing plastic, petroleum-based (and non-biodegradable!) seed flats, but because of their essential design.  They are made from renewable, composted cow manure that can be planted directly into the ground and biodegrade completely.  A manufacturing process removes any of the weeds, pathogens and odor that may be present in the manure.

For green building materials, like eco insulation, as well as many other green products for a sustainable lifestyle, visit http://www.greendepot.com.

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waterMarch 22nd was world water day, and while we’re few weeks late in celebrating it, water conservation is something to always consider.  International World Water Day was first recommended in 1992 at the UN Conference on Environment and development as a way of “focusing attention on the importance of freshwater and advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources.”  The United Nations General Assembly designated March 22nd as World Water Day, and this is a tradition that has occurred annually ever since.

As the webpage for World Water Days points out, each year WWD highlights a specific aspect of freshwater conservation.  It is perhaps especially appropriate for  those of us dwelling in urban areas to (re)consider water conservation in 2011, since this year’s theme was “Water for Cities: Responding to the Urban Challenge.”

But what urban challenge?  Well – this is the first time in human history that more people are living in urban areas than in rural ones, and this trend is expected to continue for some time.  Because urban water consumption is then set to increase, strain will be added to the area watersheds that provide potable water to city populations.  Given that climate change will change some aspects of the water cycle, this strain could increase in some urban areas.

Another major water challenge for the coming decades is that the rapid pace of urbanization has given rise to vast informal settlements – or slums – for which there is often no piped, safe drinking water.  93% of all urbanization is occurring in the developing world, and 40% of that growth is the growth of informal settlements.  Infrastructure has not kept pace with this growth, meaning that conservation is especially important in these areas.

GREEN DEPOT SOLUTIONS

In an urban, suburban, or rural home, water consumption is most likely to occur in the kitchen and bathroom, where in many places our flushable water is the same as our drinking water.  To address issues of water conservation, Green Depot is focusing on green products that reduce water consumption in the bathroom.

Green Depot is currently offering 50% off Caroma Dual-flush toilets and sinks, which gives one the ability to choose whether less or more water is needed to flush. With a two-button system, the user can select a small flush (0.8 gallons) or a larger flush (1.6 gallons in some models, and 1.2 gallons in the High Efficiency models). A 4″ trap throughway assures the user of maximum flushing efficiency.  A Caroma dual-flush toilet will help conserve water in any commercial or residential project, and are certified by EPA-Watersense as a water-saving device.

All models of toilets have complementary sinks–call Green Depot to inquire.

For green building materials, like eco insulation, as well as many other green products for a sustainable lifestyle, visit http://www.greendepot.com.

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Lots of folks seem to be familiar with green roof systems – a layer of impermeable membrane covered by a growing medium and lots of flora, grasses, trees, or otherwise.  The installation of green roofs over the last few years has expanded extensively, and the benefits of green roofs are substantial: they lower the heating and cooling costs for a building, they mitigate storm water runoff, and they provide essential islands of biodiversity and animal habitat in the urban environment.

One of the drawbacks of green roofs, however, is the initial cost of installation.  For larger projects, green roofs can require literally tons of growing medium, and even structural reinforcement of a building for heavier flora like trees.  The cost of this averages out to about 15 to 20 dollars per square foot, excluding the waterproof layers.  The savings average out over time, but initial cost can be a real deterrent to some folks.

WHITE ROOFS

White roofs have significant energy-saving advantages and even contribute to the mitigation of climate change, at significantly more affordable prices than green roofs.

Living in a large city means living with the effects of an urban heat island: the stone-like concrete and asphalt environment absorbs significantly more sunlight, and heat, than a natural ecosystem; concrete also releases heat at a slower rate, meaning that temperatures in the city are often noticeably higher than in surrounding areas.

Dark-colored surfaces also absorb solar radiation instead of reflecting it back out into space.  This is actually a contributing factor to climate change: when solar energy is absorbed by a dark surface, it is reflected back at a lower wavelength, which cannot pass through greenhouse gases and gets caught in the atmosphere, contributing to global warming.

White roofing can address both of these issues.  By reflecting sunlight at a high frequency back into space, it not only reduces the trapping effects of the urban heat island, but also reduces the amount of energy trapped in the atmosphere by greenhouse gases.

And, perhaps most significantly for the homeowner, installing a white roof can reduce the costs of cooling a home in the summer, leading to much lower utility bills.  And according to wikipedia, if white roofs were installed in the Greater Toronto metropolitan area in conjunction with street trees, the area could save more than $11 million on annual energy costs.

GREEN DEPOT SOLUTIONS

Bulldog/Durex TC101 is an elastomeric, single component, high-performance waterborne roofing topcoat formulated with 100% acrylic resins. It creates a seamless, monolithic coating when cured. The coating provides superior durability, weatherability and elongation. When applied in the white pigmented formulation that is Energy Star® rated, it will reflect heat from the roof surface: lowering cooling costs, and extending the life of roof membranes and surfaces.

When installed over a properly prepared substrate and dry insulated roof, it’s also a lower-cost option than roof tearoff and replacement. This coating can be used over a wide variety of surfaces, and can add aesthetic value in the form of one of the many color options available.

[This post was updated on July 9, 2012]

For green building materials, like eco insulation, as well as many other green products for a sustainable lifestyle, visit http://www.greendepot.com.

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courtesy: Re-Nest

What a successful project!  Back on March 1st, a few of here at Green Depot headquarters decided to undertake the No New Plastic Challenge for the month: to not buy any new plastic for the entire month.

When I began the challenge, I considered it more of an educational experience – one that would make me more aware of my plastic consumption and waste reduction efforts – rather than being a definite goal wherein I would buy no new plastic.  The question was this: if I was trying to buy no new plastic, in what areas of my life would this prove to be the greatest challenge?

If No New Plastic March was intended to be an educational experience, then it has been a wild success.  I learned that plastic is tremendously pervasive in the developed world and almost unavoidable, and I already had a head start on reducing my plastic consumption by belonging to a food co-operative where I have the ability to buy nearly everything in bulk.

But part of undertaking the experience was to remind myself and everyone reading that we are all only human, living in a society and economy that is not yet sustainable, or even environmentally-conscious in all of its manifestations.  That is, we all have our limitations in terms of how sustainably we can live our lives, and for many people, time is a limiting factor.  And for those with more time and the resources to live more sustainably (like a food co-op), society and economy can prove to be a real limitation.

Fortunately, there are now many people working hard to make sustainability more accessible to everyone, all of the time.  Green products, like the ones Green Depot sells, are a great start towards living sustainably.  But they do not necessarily go far enough, if we have to resort to purchasing food wrapped in plastic, for example.  For that, we can only keep striving towards a new economy, and a new sustainable economy.  We’re all part of the solution, and our efforts are ultimately making a difference every day.

For green building materials, like eco insulation, as well as many other green products for a sustainable lifestyle, visit http://www.greendepot.com.

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Earth Hour 2011

March 26th, 2011 | Posted by tjones in Current Events | Living Green - (0 Comments)

Earth Hour 2011 is today at 8:30pm!  Turn all of your lights off for at least an hour tonight to show commitment to protecting the earth and conserving energy and resources.

Earth Hour is an interesting – and successful – concept.  Organized by the World Wildlife Federation (WWF), it began in 2007 in Sydney, Australia to show a unified stance against anthropocentric climate change.  At the time 2.2 million individuals and 2,000 business participated, according to their website, and the movement rapidly gained momentum, become a worldwide phenomenon with over 50 million participants around the world in 35 different countries and territories.  One of the more dramatic symbols of the movement has been the dimming of major work landmarks – including the Syndey Harbour Bridge, CN Tower in Toronto, the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, the Colosseum in Rome, and the Empire State Building in New York City.

This year, the organizers of Earth Hour are asking participants to extend Earth Hour beyond Saturday into their everyday lives.  The campaign is called 60+  Beyond the Hour, whose webpage is intended to serve as both a source to share ideas on living sustainably, and to find inspiration for living sustainably from people across the world.

GREEN DEPOT SOLUTIONS

Green Depot carries an enormous array of green products intended to help anyone reduce their energy consumption (and, in doing so, reduce their energy bills!).  These green products include green insulation, energy-star certified water heaters, CFL and LED lightbulbs, and many other energy-saving products.  Going “beyond the hour” and extending sustainability into our lives goes beyond energy reduction, though, to include anything from cycling to work to composting at home to reducing plastic consumption.  Earth Hour gives us all something to consider every year – and the inspiration to make important changes in our lives that can help to create a healthier and more sustainable world.

For green building materials, like eco insulation, as well as many other green products for a sustainable lifestyle, visit http://www.greendepot.com.

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